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The Queue Suite

Version: 1.1b2

Read About Fatpages


The Queue Suite is a set of scripts for use within Frontier versions 4 through 6. The function of a queue is simple: it's a system for processing items 'one at a time' in the order in which they are received. This is also known as a First In First Out Processing System.

Before The Queue Suite, Frontier only had easy access to stacks, which are functionally opposite to queues: they are Last In First Out systems.

License and Usage Restrictions

You may use this suite free of charge.

You may distribute this suite with your own software, provided that you acknowledge in your documentation, or "credits", that the suite was written by Seth Dillingham at Macrobyte Resources. With this acknowledgement, provide the following URL:


We would appreciate it, though it is not required, if you would let us know of any projects in which you make use of the Queue Suite. Just send a brief email to "seth@macrobyte.net".

Installation Instructions

To install suites.queue:

  • In Frontier 4
    1. Download the suite for Frontier 4
    2. If necessary, decode and decompress the file with StuffIt
    3. Double click on the file suites.queue (f4) to import it into Frontier
    4. Run queue.install() from the Quick Script window
    5. Installation is complete.

  • In Frontier 5 or 6
    1. Download the suite for Frontier 5/6, or save the source of this page (it's a FatPage) to disk.
    2. If necessary, decode and decompress the file with StuffIt
    3. Double click on the file suites.queue (f5) to import it into Frontier

      If you're on a mac, you can skip steps 1 - 3, and just choose Get Page Data from the browser's Scripts menu.

    4. Run queue.install() from the Quick Script window
    5. Installation is complete.

  • Documenation

    What is a Queue?

    The function of the queue suite is fairly obvious, if you're at all familiar with queues. In case you're not familiar with queues, the following is a definition from The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing at Dictionary.com.

    A first-in first-out data structure used to sequence multiple demands for a resource such as a printer, processor or communications channel. Objects are added to the tail of the queue and taken off the head.

    A typical use of queues in an operating system involves a user command which places something on a queue, e.g. a file on a printer queue or a job on a job queue, and a background process or "demon" which takes things off and processes them (e.g. prints or executes them). Another common use is to pass data between an interrupt handler and a user process.

    In other words, if you have multiple threads producing or receiving data (such as when running on a webserver), but the data must be processed "single file" and in the order in which it was received/created, then you need a queue.

    Working with the definition above, The Queue Suite is a general implementation of a queue processing demon.

    How Does The Queue Suite Work?

    First, you must create a new queue. Queue's run in their own threads, and you can run as many queues as you want (the actual limit depends on your system resources, mostly on RAM). Create a queue like this:

    local ( queueId );
    queueId = queue.new( 2 )

    The parameter supplied to new() is the amount of time that the queue thread will sleep when the queue is empty. (After sleeping that amount of time, it checks the queue again.)

    You MUST keep the queueId reference somewhere: either in a local variable, or in a global variable (somewhere in the ODB). You'll need this id number to add items to the queue, to stop the queue, to flush the queue... all queue verbs require the queue id that is returned from queue.new().

    queue.new() acepts a number of optional parameters. See the section below, Optional Functionality, for more information.

    Second, you add items to the queue with queue.add(). Here's an overly- simple example:

    local ( queueId );
    queueId = queue.new( 2 );
    queue.add( queueId, "the queued item", @dialog.notify );
    queue.add( queueId, "the second queued item", @dialog.alert );
    queue.kill( queueId )


    queue.add() takes four parameters.

    The first parameter is the queue id, as was explained above.

    The second parameter is the item to be added to the queue: it can literally be ANYTHING. A string, a table, an address, an outline, a filespec, an object specifier, ANYTHING. Of course, you're generally better off not moving large objects like big tables or very long strings: if you want to add something big to the queue, try to pass an address to the object.

    The third parameter is an address of a script to process the item in the queue. In the example given, the first queued item uses dialog.notify, which conveniently takes one parameter: a string. The script whose address is passed must take one parameter (it may take additional optional parameters, but the queue won't ever call them). When the script is called, the queued item will be passed as the only parameter.

    The fourth parameter is optional. See the section below, Optional Functionality -> queue.add, for more information.

    WARNING: calling queue.add() (as with almost any queue verb) with a queueId that has already been killed, will generate a script error.

    One thing you might consider for the third parameter, if you are creating a queue which might contain many types of elements: pass the address of a dispatch script. The dispatch script would receive the parameter, decide which script should process it (based on type), and then run that script. A simple example:

    on dispatch( param ) {
      case typeof( param ) {
        stringtype {
          dialog.notify( param )};
        addresstype {
          dialog.alert( param^ )}}};
    local ( queueId );
    queueId = queue.new( 2 );
    queue.add( queueId, "this item is a string", @scratchpad.dispatch );
    bundle {   scratchpad.QItem = "this item passed as an address";
      queue.add( queueId, @scratchpad.QItem, @scratchpad.dispatch )};
    queue.kill( queueId )

    To run this example, paste it into a script at scratchpad.dispatch, then click the Run button.

    Finally, when you're sure that you're done putting items in the queue, call queue.kill( ). This adds a special item to the queue (items are always added to the end of the queue). When the queue reaches this special item, it deletes the queue table and kills the queue thread. This way, it's safe to call queue.kill(), because items which are already in the queue will be processed before the queue is stopped. Notice that in the examples above, we killed the queue immediately after adding items, but those items were processed anyway.

    If you absolutely must stop the queue immediately, call queue.killNow( ). This kills the queue thread immediately, and deletes the queue from memory. Unprocessed items in the queue are lost.

    queue.killNow( queueId )

    Optional Functionality


    queue.new allows you to send some optional parameters, which allows for some additional functionality that you may find useful.

    Queue Storage Location

    The optional parameter storageLocation allows you to specify where the queue should be kept. If you supply this paramter, then it must be an address pointing to a table. Items added to the queue will be placed here, rather than in the default location.

    Where is the default location? It depends on which version of Frontier you're running. If you're running Frontier 4, then the default location is a table in scratchpad.queues. If you're running Frontier 5 or newer, then the default location is temp.queues.

    You can even change the default storage location, by adding an entry to user.queue named storage. user.queue.storage can be any of the following types:

    • an address to a table (new queues will be created in the table it points to)
    • a filespec or string path to a Frontier Guest Database
      (new queues will be added to a queues table, at the root level of this guest database)
    • a table (new queues will be created directly within this table)

    When you create a new queue, the queue suite will first check for the storageLocation parameter. If you haven't supplied that, then it checks user.queue.storage. If user.queue.storage doesn't exist or can't be used for some reason, then the default location (specific to your version of Frontier, as described above) is used.

    Saving The Queue

    Setting the optional parameter flSaveOnAdd to true, when calling queue.new, will cause the file containing the queue (frontier.root, or a guest database) to be saved every time an item is queued. Here's an example to show how to call it:

    local ( qId );
    qId = queue.new( 10, flSaveOnAdd: true )

    Logging Queue Activity

    Using two optional parameters, you can have all queue activity logged using Frontier's standard logging features.

    The first optional, logging-related parameter, flLogging, is a boolean (true or false) that acts like a switch. If flLogging is set to true when you call queue.new, then most queue-processing actions will be logged.

    Note that logs are written according to the preferences you've set in user.log.prefs.

    The second parameter, queueName, is used in the log to identify the queue generting the log items. For example, if you set queueName to "dispatch," then all log items will be added to a log named "queue dispatch". If you don't provide the queueName parameter, and flLogging is set to true, then the queueName will be set to the qId. For example, if the qId is 234, then the log entries will be added to a log named "queue 234."

    If the flLogging parameter is false, then the queueName parameter is ignored.

    Logging is intended as a debugging tool, to help you write your scripts that work with queues. You may choose to use logging in your finished scripts, but keep in mind that it adds some overhead (time and memory) to your queues.


    Here's the dispatch script, from above, with all options activated:

    on dispatch( param ) {
      case typeof( param ) {
        stringtype {
          dialog.notify( param )};
        addresstype {
          dialog.alert( param^ )}}};
    local ( queueId );
    queueId = queue.new( 2, storageLocation: @workspace.queues, flSaveOnAdd: true, flLogging: true, queueName: "dispatch" );
    queue.add( queueId, "this item is a string", @scratchpad.dispatch );
    bundle {   scratchpad.QItem = "this item passed as an address";
      queue.add( queueId, @scratchpad.QItem, @scratchpad.dispatch )};
    queue.kill( queueId )


    queue.add has one optional parameter, adrErrorCallback. If this parameter is supplied to queue.add, and the item being added generates an error when it is processed, then this script will be called. It must take three parameters, and it must return either true or false.

    The two parameters are:

    • the queueId for the current queue
    • the address of the item that generated the error
    • the error string (tryError).

    The response from the error callback determines what is done with the item that generated the error. If the response is true, then the item is re-queued. If the response is false, then the item is deleted.

    If the adrErrorCallback parameter is not supplied, then the queued item which generated the error is deleted (this is the default behavior).

    The callback script can do anything: it might choose to requeue the item itself, and then return false. It might choose to modify the object somehow (remember: the address is being passed, not the object itself) before returning true. The possibilities are endless!

    Here is a very simple example of an error callback script:

    on queueErrorCallback( qId, adrQItem, error ) {
      if ( error contains "not yet ready" ) {
        return true}
      else {
        return false}}

    Miscellaneous Verbs

    There are some other useful scripts in the suite, for management of a queue.

    • Use queue.flush( queueId ) to completely empty out the contents of a queue. Will generate an error if the queue has already been killed.
    • queue.setSleepTime( queueId, newSleepTime ) can be used to change the amount of time that a queue thread sleeps for, when its queue is empty.
    • queue.getSleepTime( queueId ) returns a number representing the number of seconds that the queue thread will sleep for, when its queue is empty.

    The remainder of the scripts in suites.queue are for internal use: don't use them, they're not guranteed to stay the same from version to version. Think of the queue suite (and individual queues) as a mostly-opaque black box, and it'll work fine.

    Download The Queue Suite

    File Version Encoding For Filesize
    suites.queue_f4.bin 1.0f1 MacBinary Frontier 4 24 Kb
    suites.queue_f4.hqx 1.0f1 BinHex Frontier 4 28 Kb
    suites.queue_f5.bin 1.0f1 MacBinary Frontier 5/6 26 Kb
    suites.queue_f5.hqx 1.0f1 BinHex Frontier 5/6 22 Kb
    suites.queue_f5.zip 1.0f1 Zip (for Windows) Frontier 5/6 9 Kb
    suites.queue 1.1b2.sit.hqx 1.1b2 BinHex Frontier 5/6 22 Kb
    suites.queue 1.1b2.sit.bin 1.1b2 MacBinary Frontier 5/6 26 Kb
    suites.queue 1.1b2.sit.bin 1.1b2 Zip (for Windows) Frontier 5/6 16 Kb

    Site last updated Thursday, December 2, 1999
    Contact Macrobyte Resources with comments or questions. Broken links, or other problems with the site? Please write to the Webmaster.